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Top 10 Backend Developer Skills You Must Know in 2024

NIDMM ~ Published: July 3rd, 2024 ~ Web Design ~ 7 Minutes Reading

Every day, people create and develop many websites but many people do not know that these sites are divided into two parts, one of which is the backend. This is basically a job that demands retirement, specialized skills, and creativity in web development or web design.

So people who have intermediate degrees in technicalities related to technology are always in high demand, so are you interested in joining them?

These backend developer skills article will help you know how to do it, Here we will discuss various aspects which are important and some backend developer skills so that you can make a successful career

What are Backend Developer Skills?


Backend developer skills include both technical expertise and soft skills required to perform effectively in this role. So these backend requirements include proficiency in server-side scripting languages, API utilization, and database management tools.

Additionally, your skills, strong communication skills, and creativity are equally important for you to have a successful backend development career.

Top 10 Backend Developer Skills to Learn in 2024

Backend developers are called the backbone of web design because they work from behind and bring magic to the front end. So, you need to have a strong foundation as a back-end developer that will enable you to make your job perfect.

So, intermediate programming language skills as well as problem-solving skills are some of the qualities that a successful backend developer must have. We are going to learn how we can learn and develop back end developer skills to pursue this career.

1. Backend Programming Languages: Java, Python, PHP 

It is important for you to know about this specific programming language because these are the aspects that will form the basis of your work, So why is it basically important?

Now let’s know about it.


First of all, Java is a language that is very confusing to people, as is JavaScript. These two are basically different. This is a programming language that is used for general purposes and is a robust system; it is an essential language that a backend developer must know.


PHP is another backend developer skills. Do you know what the most common server side language is that backend developers use? Basically, it is PHP.

There are a lot of websites that are developed using this language so this language is basically not open source but it is also very cost effective. So you need to have these backend developer skills.


The next backend developer skills is Python. You cannot be a backend developer if you don’t have Python skills because it is one of the premier languages and a lot of developers use it to handle both simple and complex backend projects. Its popular applications are Spotify and Dropbox, which are built using this programming language.

Read more: Top 10 Web Development Tools Every Developer Should Know

2. Knowledge of Popular Frameworks

Backend developers have many tools that help them design the architecture of a website, so the framework makes this process easy. It also helps in security and reliability. So there are many frameworks that developers use so that they can create web apps that are high performance and flexible.

Ruby on Rails

One of the backend developer skills is Ruby on Rails, so here you have various aspects that are involved in creating this framework.

So it is basically automatic testing in libraries and scaffolding and can help in localization. So it is an open source web development framework that is based on Ruby programming language.


It is open source and considered one of the best Python based web frameworks. It helps with scalability and security. Apart from this, it also has a battery added and uses asynchronous programming.


This is basically another Python based web app framework which is preferred by many developers whenever they have to create some modern web apps.  Some of the features are WSGI assistance, templating, rapid development and deployment and an in-built development server. 


The best feature is that it has a lightweight Node.js web app framework, that is also very adaptable. It will help you in debugging and it has a rapid server development feature.

3. Data Structures and Algorithms 

In simple terms, you can store data and organize here. We call them data structures, so here you will have to learn a lot of things, some of which we have mentioned below.

  • Arrays 
  • Linked Lists 
  • Stacks 
  • Queues 
  • Graphs 
  • Hash Tables 
  • Binary Search Tree 

If we come to the topic of algorithms, we mentioned previously that backend developers need to know about algorithms and whether they are best for their profession. So here are some things that you need to learn.

  • Recursion 
  • Bubble sort 
  • Selection sort 
  • Binary Search 
  • Insertion Sort 
  • Databases and Cache 

4. HTML, CSS, and JavaScript 

HTML, CSS, and JavaScript form the Backend Developer Skills. These are also used a lot by frontend developers and is great for your back-end developer skills

5. Familiarity with Servers

It is one of the most common mediums that is used to deliver essential services and hence it should never be off. So you should have proper knowledge about how the server works.

6. Knowledge of APIs

Knowledge of APIs is one of the Backend Developer Skills. You can say that an application programming interface is a base that helps in running internet so it is an important component that allows computers to talk to each other.

In this, we don’t need to highlight how important it is for the person who wants to do backend programming and wants to know about it. Two of the most recognized positions in this are XML and JSON.

Also read: Top 10 Website Navigation Best Practices – Full Guide

7.  Knowledge of Front-end Technology 

Now that you have knowledge of backend programming languages, it is time to learn about frontend programming languages as well. So basic HTML, CSS and JavaScript knowledge is important for any position. So there is no requirement in masters.  

8. Knowledge of Databases 

Whenever you are working on someone’s project, it is important for you to realize that data storage is also very important because a lot of information is continuously stored in it. So you must have these backend developer skills.

9. Server Handling

Backend developers should know server handling because all the behind the scenes operations will happen in it. So basically, a server is a cloud system that is connected to your other network services or other systems like file storage, database access, security and all other important information.

The information that is on the server is charged for complete retrieval and organization of previously stored data.

10. Problem-solving

Problems can arise in any field at any time and the domain of backend development is no different. As a Python backend developer, it is your job to make sure that if any problem arises, you provide proper solutions for it and so creativity and proper understanding are very important for this field.

Read more: 10 Essential Elements for an Effective Website Design


Suppose you are interested in web design and, at the same time, are passionate about learning about various technology available on the market, Then you can take our web design course at NIDMM

Here, you will learn everything about every back end skill and even front end skills. Contact us today.

Phone: +91-99-0993-0993